Alexander V of Macedonia (4th century BC - 294 BC)

Alexander V of Macedonia (end of the 4th - beginning of the 3rd century BC) from the Dynasty of the Antipatrides was the third and youngest son of Cassander and Thessalonica, half-sister of Alexander the Great. He ascended the throne in 297 BC, after the death of his brother Philip IV, who had succeeded Cassander, and co-reigned with his other brother, Antipater II until 294. When Antipater II assassinated their mother, because she believed that she was favoring Alexander V, the two brothers had a rift. Alexander V sought the help of Pyrrhus and Demetrius I the Besieger to help him return to the throne. To Pyrrhus he offered in exchange the coastal lands of Macedonia together with the Provinces of Ambrakia, Acarnania and Amfilochia. Pyrrhus occupied them together with the rest of the kingdom of Macedonia, which he handed over to Alexander V..

According to Plutarch, when Demetrius I the Besieger appeared in 294, the two brothers had already reconciled. Alexander V received Demetrius I in Dion, superficially friendly, but quickly a climate of suspicion arose between them and both secretly planned the extermination of the other. Demetrius I seems to have been alerted before a dinner that Alexander was preparing his assassination and took security measures. The next day he announced that he had to leave immediately. Alexander V accompanied him to Larissa, where Demetrius had him assassinated after a dinner.

Conditions of death homicide
Husband of Lysandra
Parents Kassandros and Thessaloniki of Macedonia
Brothers Antipater II of Macedonia
Philip IV of Macedonia
Antipatrides Dynasty Family

Elder, Edward (1867). "Alexander". In: William Smith, ed. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1. Boston: Little, Brown and Company, pp. 115.
Plutarch, "Parallel Lives: Pyrrhus", §1
Plutarch, "Parallel Lives: Demetrius", §36
Justin, xvi. 1
Diodorus of Sicily, xxi. Exc. 7