Παρασκευή 15 Μαρτίου 2024

Clean Monday

Clean Monday, also known as Holy Monday or Green Monday, is the first day of Lent throughout Eastern Christianity and is a movable feast, falling on the sixth Monday before Palm Sunday which begins Holy Week, before from Easter Sunday (Easter).
"Clean Monday" by Vasily Perov, 1866. State Tretyakov Gallery

O koinós óros gia aftí tin iméra, «Kathará Deftéra», anaféretai stin afaíresi amartolón symperiforón kai mi nistísimon fagitón. Merikés forés onomázetai «Deftéra tis Téfras», kat' analogía me tin Tetárti tis Téfras (i próti iméra tis Sarakostís ston dytikó christianismó). O óros eínai sychná lanthasménos, kathós móno éna mikró yposýnolo ton Anatolikón Katholikón Ekklisión askeí tin epivolí stáchtis. Oi Katholikés Ekklisíes Maronitón, Chaldaíon kai Syro-Malampár eínai axiosimeíotes metaxý ton anatolikón teletón pou chrisimopoioún ti chrísi stáchtis aftín tin iméra. Imerominía I Kathará Deftéra eínai méros tou paschalianoú kýklou kai os ek toútou exartátai apó ton ypologismó tou Páscha pou boreí na diaférei metaxý onomasión kai ekklisión. Ioulianó imerológio pou chrisimopoieítai apó tis anatolikés orthódoxes ekklisíes, to Grigorianó imerológio pou chrisimopoieítai apó tous Anatolikoús Katholikoús kai to Aithiopikó í Koptikó imerológio pou chrisimopoieítai paradosiaká apó orisménes Anatolikés Orthódoxes ekklisíes.
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The common term for this day, "Clean Monday", refers to the removal of sinful behaviors and non-fasting foods. It is sometimes called "Ash Monday", by analogy with Ash Wednesday (the first day of Lent in Western Christianity). The term is often a misnomer, as only a small subset of Eastern Catholic Churches practice the imposition of ashes. The Maronite, Chaldean, and Syro-Malabar Catholic Churches are notable among Eastern rites that employ the use of ashes on this day.

Clean Monday is part of the Easter cycle and therefore depends on the calculation of Easter which may differ between denominations and churches. Julian calendar used by Eastern Orthodox churches, Gregorian calendar used by Eastern Catholics, and Ethiopic or Coptic calendar traditionally used by some Eastern Orthodox churches.
When Easter falls on different calendars, Maundy Monday is two days before Ash Wednesday. otherwise it's in another week.

Functional aspects
Liturgically, Maundy Monday - and therefore Lent itself - begins on the previous (Sunday) night, in a special service called Forgiveness Vespers, culminating in the Ceremony of Mutual Forgiveness, in which all those present will worship one another and ask for forgiveness. Thus the faithful begin Lent with a clear conscience, with forgiveness and with renewed Christian love. The entire first week of Lent is often referred to as "Clean Week", and it is customary to go to Confession during this week and thoroughly clean the house.

The theme of Maundy Monday is defined by the Old Testament reading appointed to be read at the Sixth Hour on this day (Isaiah 1:1–20), which says, in part:

Wash yourself and you will be clean. Remove the wicked ways from your souls before My eyes. stop doing evil. learn to do well. Ask for judgment, relieve the oppressed, think of the fatherless and pray for the widow. So come and let us reason together, says the Lord: Though your sins are scarlet, I will make them white as snow. and though they are red as crimson, I will make them white as wool (vv. 16–18).

Traditionally, it is considered to mark the beginning of the spring season, a concept used symbolically in Ivan Bunin's story Shrove Monday. of repentance and self-control, but this apparent contradiction is a notable aspect of the Orthodox approach to fasting, according to the Gospel lesson (Matthew 6:14–21) read the previous morning, which admonishes:

When you fast, do not, like the hypocrites, look sad; for they disfigure their faces, so that they may appear to men to be fasting. I tell you the truth, they have their reward. But you, when you fast, anoint your head and wash your face, so that you do not appear to men to be fasting, but to your Father who is in secret... (vv. 16-18).

In this way the Orthodox celebrate the fact that "the spring of Lent has dawned, the flower of repentance has begun to open."

Customs throughout Greece
The day of Clean Monday is celebrated strongly throughout Greece, with various customs and is a traditional holiday. It is customary throughout Greece to eat lagana, i.e. unleavened bread prepared only on that day, taramas, halva, seafood, vegetables, olives and beans without oil. Main customs throughout Greece are kite flying, but also the so-called Gaitanaki, a custom brought from Asia Minor by the refugees. In Mesta and the Olympus and in Lithi of Chios, the custom of Aga is revived with its roots in the Turkish occupation, where in a play Aga as a judge, condemns the spectators with humor. Another custom with roots in the Turkish occupation is that of disguising a resident of Alexandroupoli as a Bey and walking around the city sharing wishes. The inhabitants of Poros clean their cooking preparations from the fats of the meats eaten during Halloween in a custom called kartysma. In some villages of Corfu, the Dance of the Fathers takes place where the priests set up a dance followed by the elders. In Karpathos, the residents who exchanged indecent gestures are taken to the People's Court of Immoral Acts by the Tzafiedes, i.e. the gendarmes, so that justice can be served by the respectable people of the city. The flour smearing in Galaxidi, where carnivalgoers smear themselves with flour and dance in a circle. In Methoni, Messinia, Koutroulis gets married, a representation of a real wedding from the 14th century, while in Nedoussa, the farmers invite prosperity with their rural carnival. In Vonitsa, a straw fisherman tied to a donkey going back through the village ends up in a burning boat in the custom of Achyrenios-Gligorakis, while in Thebes the Vlach wedding takes place where the groom shaves his head in order to marry a male villager disguised as a bride. Finally, the Mudzourides in Polysito Vistonidas, smear the visitors of the village with tobacco.

Clean Monday from 1990 to 2034
1990: February 26
1991: February 18
1992: March 9
1993: March 1
1994: March 14
1995: March 6
1996: February 26
1997: March 10
1998: March 2
1999: February 22
2000: March 13
2001: February 26
2002: March 18
2003: March 10
2004: February 23
2005: March 14
2006: March 6
2007: February 19
2008: March 10
2009: March 2
2010: February 15
2011: March 7
2012: February 27
2013: March 18
2014: March 3
2015: February 23
2016: March 14
2017: February 27
2018: February 19
2019: March 11
2020: March 2
2021: March 15
2022: March 7
2023: February 27
2024: March 18
2025: March 3
2026: February 23rd
2027: March 15
2028: February 28
2029: February 19
2030: March 11
2031: February 24
2032: March 15th
2033: March 7
2034: February 27