An outbreak of cholera in Serras, May 30, 1913

Serres Hospital

On May 30, 1913, the city of Serres faced an outbreak of cholera. Cholera is a serious and often fatal infectious disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholerae. It is usually spread through contaminated water or food and can cause severe diarrhea and dehydration. The cholera epidemic in Serres in 1913 is part of the major health challenges Greece faced during the Balkan Wars (1912-1913).

At that time, sanitary conditions and sanitary infrastructure were not adequate to deal with such epidemics. This epidemic was probably exacerbated by the conditions of war, the mass movement of populations and the poor living conditions of soldiers and civilians.

Historical frame
Balkan Wars (1912-1913): Serres was one of the cities affected by the Balkan Wars, which caused large population movements and poor sanitary conditions. Cholera appeared in a context of general unrest and health challenges.

Outbreak of Cholera: On May 30, 1913, Serres experienced an outbreak of cholera. The epidemic was caused by the lack of clean water and poor sanitary conditions that prevailed due to the war.

Humanitarian Aid Mission: The American Red Cross responded to the crisis by sending medical teams and supplies to Serres.

Besides cholera, many other diseases decimated the Prefecture of Serres and not only, such as typhus,